Agile Web Development with Rails, Edition 4

10.2 Iteration E2: Handling Errors 9.4 Playtime

10.1 Iteration E1: Creating a Smarter Cart

Change the cart to track the quantity of each product.

Add a quantity column to the line_item table in the database.

rails generate migration add_quantity_to_line_items quantity:integer
      invoke  active_record
      create    db/migrate/20141020224118_add_quantity_to_line_items.rb

Modify the migration to add a default value for the new column

edit db/migrate/20141020224118_add_quantity_to_line_items.rb
class AddQuantityToLineItems < ActiveRecord::Migration
  def change
    add_column :line_items, :quantity, :integer, default: 1
  end
end

Apply the migration

rake db:migrate
mv 20141020224118_add_quantity_to_line_items.rb 20141020000004_add_quantity_to_line_items.rb
== 20141020000004 AddQuantityToLineItems: migrating ===========================
-- add_column(:line_items, :quantity, :integer, {:default=>1})
   -> 0.0030s
== 20141020000004 AddQuantityToLineItems: migrated (0.0030s) ==================
 

Create a method to add a product to the cart by either incrementing the quantity of an existing line item, or creating a new line item.

edit app/models/cart.rb
 
  def add_product(product_id)
    current_item = line_items.find_by(product_id: product_id)
    if current_item
      current_item.quantity += 1
    else
      current_item = line_items.build(product_id: product_id)
    end
    current_item
  end

Replace the call to LineItem.new with a call to the new method.

edit app/controllers/line_items_controller.rb
  def create
    product = Product.find(params[:product_id])
    @line_item = @cart.add_product(product.id)
 
    respond_to do |format|
      if @line_item.save
        format.html { redirect_to @line_item.cart,
          notice: 'Line item was successfully created.' }
        format.json { render :show,
          status: :created, location: @line_item }
      else
        format.html { render :new }
        format.json { render json: @line_item.errors,
          status: :unprocessable_entity }
      end
    end
  end

Update the view to show both columns.

edit app/views/carts/show.html.erb
<% if notice %>
<p id="notice"><%= notice %></p>
<% end %>
 
<h2>Your Pragmatic Cart</h2>
<ul>    
  <% @cart.line_items.each do |item| %>
    <li><%= item.quantity %> &times; <%= item.product.title %></li>
  <% end %>
</ul>

Look at the cart, and see that's not exactly what we intended

get /carts/1

Your Pragmatic Cart

  • 1 × Programming Ruby 1.9 & 2.0
  • 1 × Programming Ruby 1.9 & 2.0

Generate a migration to combine/separate items in carts.

rails generate migration combine_items_in_cart
      invoke  active_record
      create    db/migrate/20141020224122_combine_items_in_cart.rb

Fill in the self.up method

edit db/migrate/20141020224122_combine_items_in_cart.rb
  def up
    # replace multiple items for a single product in a cart with a single item
    Cart.all.each do |cart|
      # count the number of each product in the cart
      sums = cart.line_items.group(:product_id).sum(:quantity)
 
      sums.each do |product_id, quantity|
        if quantity > 1
          # remove individual items
          cart.line_items.where(product_id: product_id).delete_all
 
          # replace with a single item
          item = cart.line_items.build(product_id: product_id)
          item.quantity = quantity
          item.save!
        end
      end
    end
  end

Combine entries

rake db:migrate
mv 20141020224122_combine_items_in_cart.rb 20141020000005_combine_items_in_cart.rb
== 20141020000005 CombineItemsInCart: migrating ===============================
== 20141020000005 CombineItemsInCart: migrated (0.0244s) ======================
 

Verify that the entries have been combined.

get /carts/1

Your Pragmatic Cart

  • 2 × Programming Ruby 1.9 & 2.0

Fill in the self.down method

edit db/migrate/20141020000005_combine_items_in_cart.rb
  def down
    # split items with quantity>1 into multiple items
    LineItem.where("quantity>1").each do |line_item|
      # add individual items
      line_item.quantity.times do 
        LineItem.create cart_id: line_item.cart_id,
          product_id: line_item.product_id, quantity: 1
      end
 
      # remove original item
      line_item.destroy
    end
  end

Separate out individual items.

rake db:rollback
== 20141020000005 CombineItemsInCart: reverting ===============================
== 20141020000005 CombineItemsInCart: reverted (0.0109s) ======================
 
rake db:migrate:status
 
database: /home/rubys/git/awdwr/edition4/work/depot/db/development.sqlite3
 
 Status   Migration ID    Migration Name
--------------------------------------------------
   up     20141020000001  Create products
   up     20141020000002  Create carts
   up     20141020000003  Create line items
   up     20141020000004  Add quantity to line items
  down    20141020000005  Combine items in cart
 
mv db/migrate/20141020000005_combine_items_in_cart.rb db/migrate/20141020000005_combine_items_in_cart.bak

Every item should (once again) only have a quantity of one.

get /carts/1

Your Pragmatic Cart

  • 1 × Programming Ruby 1.9 & 2.0
  • 1 × Programming Ruby 1.9 & 2.0

Recombine the item data.

mv db/migrate/20141020000005_combine_items_in_cart.bak db/migrate/20141020000005_combine_items_in_cart.rb
rake db:migrate
== 20141020000005 CombineItemsInCart: migrating ===============================
== 20141020000005 CombineItemsInCart: migrated (0.0242s) ======================
 

Add a few products to the order.

post /line_items?product_id=2
You are being redirected.
get http://localhost:3000/carts/1

Line item was successfully created.

Your Pragmatic Cart

  • 2 × Programming Ruby 1.9 & 2.0
  • 1 × CoffeeScript
post /line_items?product_id=3
You are being redirected.
get http://localhost:3000/carts/1

Line item was successfully created.

Your Pragmatic Cart

  • 3 × Programming Ruby 1.9 & 2.0
  • 1 × CoffeeScript

Try something malicious.

get /carts/wibble

ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound in CartsController#show

Couldn't find Cart with 'id'=wibble

Extracted source (around line #150):
148
149
150
151
152
153
                
record = s.execute([id], self, connection).first
unless record
raise RecordNotFound, "Couldn't find #{name} with '#{primary_key}'=#{id}"
end
record
end

Rails.root: /home/rubys/git/awdwr/edition4/work/depot

Application Trace | Framework Trace | Full Trace

Request

Parameters:

{"id"=>"wibble"}

Response

Headers:

None

10.2 Iteration E2: Handling Errors 9.4 Playtime